Extensions and Adaptations
Related Links and Resources
Teacher modeled Frayer Models of courage and cooperation
[link to courage Frayer.doc and cooperation Frayer.doc]
Student developed Frayer Models of perseverance , respect , and responsibility
By examining themes in literature as well as the actions of characters in fiction and persons in non-fiction, students can observe character in action. In order to understand character traits and themes, they must have a clear understanding of character traits. The more students analyze the traits in written text, the deeper their understanding of the traits will be. Using literature to examine character traits promotes engaging discussions and making connections to one’s own life.The purpose of this lesson is to teach children how to learn and understand new words using the Frayer Model. This model is particularly good to use for helping students gain understanding of concepts and abstract ideas, though it works well with any new vocabulary words. The Frayer Model is based on the work of Dr. Dorothy Frayer, who has recently retired from her position at Duquesne University as the associate academic vice president and founding director of the Center for Teaching Excellence. Essentially, the model promotes higher level thinking regarding the understanding of new concepts by looking at definition, characteristics, examples, and non-examples. Dr. Frayer believes that a deep understanding of concepts evolves through the recognition of examples and non-examples. By knowing what something is not, one has a greater understanding of what something is. This lesson models use of the Frayer Model through a discussion of courage and cooperation, themes in Number the Stars and The View from Saturday, although it could be adapted for use with other works of fiction.